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Spawned in the steaming ghetto called Trench Town, the Wailers are the masters of reggae; the acknowledged voice of Rastafari is Bob Marley. Brother Bob Marley and the Wailers touch the very core of our psyches and as the musical branches of a growing Caribbean roots consciousness, these brethrens made understandable the foundations of our being. We see ourselves reflected in their music.


Robert Nester Marley, internationally famous superstar was born in 1945, the son of an English army Captain and a Jamaican woman. Bob started singing professionally at the age of fifteen (15), “But why?” “That is a hard question he says, “I couldn’t see myself doing anything else, I just like music.” In 1963, himself along with Peter McIntosh (later Peter Tosh) and Bunny Livingston (later Bunny Wailer) formed the Wailing Wailers. Two of their earliest hits were “Simmer Down” and “Rude Boy”.


In 1967 he did some work with Johnny Nash. Nash came to record in Kingston and later had a series of Reggae singles on the British charts culminating four years later with “Stir It Up” which was written by Bob Marley. 1969 emerged as one of their classic periods. Recorded by the most

famous Reggae producer of them all, Lee “Scratch” Perry, they did two LPs and the singles “Duppy Conqueror” and “Small Axe”.


It was at this stage that their Rastafarian religion became the core of their music. Bob Marley believed the concept that His Imperial Majesty Emperor Haile Selassie I as being the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords, Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah. He says, “Haile Selassie is the Almighty. We belong to Africa. Everyone in the world will have to respect that. Until we all realize that civilization started from Ethiopia and we multiplied from that and spread out, there will be pure war and our lives will be in torment and vexation. We have to respect Africa to find peace of mind.” “The devil may tell you we have no link in Africa but we have to stop letting the devil tell us – white people and black people both – and we have to think for ourselves.”


In 1970 they successfully launched their own label, Tuff Gong. Their breakthrough to recognition came when they signed to the British label, “Island”, for which they did the albums “Catch A Fire” and “Burning” (including “I Shot The Sheriff” which Eric Clapton made into a hit s…

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“COOL RULER 1951-2010”

Another musical genius succumbed to the dreaded cancer disease. The reggae fraternity lost Gregory Anthony Isaacs, another pioneer of the genre. Gregory’s career spans over four decades and he was one of Jamaica’s most beloved balladeer. This musical stalwart is said to have appeared on over 500 albums, many of which are compilations.

“Oh What A Feeling”, “Rumours”, “Love Is Overdue”, “Night Nurse”, “Top Ten”, “Soon Forward”, “Front Door”, “Hard Drugs”, “All I Have Is Love”, “Red Rose For Gregory”, “One Man Against The World”, “I’m Just A Stranger In Your Town”, “I Am Wanted”, “Turn Me On”, “Tune In”, “Number One”, “Heng On”, “I Don’t Want To Be Lonely Tonight”, “Give Me A Chance”, and “Sad To Know That You Are Leaving”  are just a minute fraction of his musical arsenal that remains in our archives to cherish for generations to come. But how did it all started?

Gregory Anthony Isaacs affectionately dubbed “Cool Ruler” was born on July 15, 1951, in the Fletcher’s Land community in Kingston, Jamaica. As a teenager and like so many of Jamaica’s other musical stalwarts, Gregory participated in several talent concerts, wooing audiences with his unique singing style. In 1968 his debut recording was a duet with Winston Sinclair entitled “Another Heartache”, for producer Byron Lee. However this song failed to create the impact that the young Isaacs was anticipating. Gregory decided to team up with two other vocalists to from a trio, naming the group “The Concords”.

In 1970 the members of the group parted ways launching Gregory’s solo career. In 1973, in partnership with Errol Dunkley (another great Jamaican vocalist), they launched the “African Museum” record label and record shop. To keep the label afloat Gregory recorded with several record producers. His massive hit “My Only Lover” was dubbed as one of the first lovers rock record ever made. A string of hits was to follow as glimpses of his versatility began to unfold. Songs like “All I Have Is Love’, “Black a Kill Black”, “Extra Classic”, and a cover version of Dobby Dobson’s “Loving Pauper”. The period between 1973 and 1976, resulted in several classics. Gregory released more songs than most artistes did in their lifetime.

In 1974 Isaacs top the charts with the hit single “Love Is Overdue”. Throughout the 1970s …

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Alton Nehemiah Ellis, O.D. was known as the “Godfather of Rocksteady”.   He was born on September 1, 1938 and grew up in Trench Town, Kingston, Jamaica.  A soft spoken and humble individual, his music reflects his philosophy.  Alton is the elder brother of the late Hortense Ellis (one of Jamaica’s popular female vocalists).  As a youngster he learned to play the piano by sneaking into a local youth center to practice at nights. He attended Ebenezer and Boys’ Town schools excelling in music and sports. Alton initially was a dancer and competed in the “Vere Johns Opportunity Hour” contests and was quite successful.  He was a fashion designer by trade, so he was one of the slickest dressers on stage.  In 1959 he decided to switch to singing and teamed up with Eddy Perkins to form the duo Alton and Eddy. They recorded the massive hit single “Muriel” for producer Coxsone Dodd on his Studio One label. Alton had written this song whilst working as a laborer on a building site.


“M y Heaven”, “I Know It All”, I’m Never Gonna Cry, “Lullaby Angel” and “Yours” were to follow. The duo also did some recording for Vincent Chin on his Randy’s label. The group split when Perkins migrated to the United States, while Ellis remained in Jamaica, working as a printer.  Alton next joined up with John Holt for a short stint before Holt moved on to join the group The Paragons.  Not being hindered he started another group calling it “The Flames”.  This group was comprised of Alton, his brother Leslie Ellis and floating members David Gordon and Winston Jarrett.  The group worked with producers Coxsone Dodd and his arch-rival Duke Reid.  During this era the music was changing from ska to rocksteady and the birth of the rude boy sub-culture began to emerge in the dancehalls. Many of the artistes during this period were glorifying the rude boys.  Ellis however was turning out songs like “Dance Crasher”, and “Don’t Trouble People”. The Flames scored with the massive hits “Girl I’ve Got a Date”, “Cry Tough”, and “Rocksteady”. Alton’s “Mr. Soul of Jamaica” album was regarded as the definitive rocksteady album.


His friends and fans hold Alton in high esteem. It is sad that a singer of such talent was never given the financial rewards he richly deserved. What was remarkable about Alton is that with over four decade…

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Winston Hubert McIntosh, popularly known as Peter Tosh was one of the original members of the group, the “Wailing Wailers”, along with the late Bob Marley, and Bunny Wailer. When Peter was fifteen, his aunt died and he went to live in Trench Town in Kingston, Jamaica. He acquired the love for guitar after watching a man playing one song for half a day, memorizing everything the man’s fingers were doing. He then picked up the guitar and played the song back to the man. The man then asked Peter who had taught him to play; Peter told him that he had.
 During the early 1960s Tosh, Bob Marley and Bunny Wailer went to vocal teacher Joe Higgs, who was giving out free vocal lessons to young people, in hopes of forming a new band. He then changed his name to become Peter Tosh and the trio started singing together in 1962. Higgs taught the trio to harmonize and while developing their music, they would often play on the street corners of Trench Town.
In 1964 Tosh assisted in organizing the band the “Wailing Wailers”, with Junior Braithwaite, a falsetto singer, and backup singers Beverley Kelso and Cherry Smith. Initially, Tosh was the only one in the group who could play musical instruments. According to Bunny Wailer, Tosh was critical to the band because he was a self-taught guitarist and keyboardist, and thus became an inspiration for the other band members to learn to play. Braithwaite, Kelso and Smith left the band in late 1965.
 "Simmer Down” and “Rude Boy”, were two of the group’s earliest hits. In 1969 the Wailers released the monster hits, “Small Axe”, “Soul Rebel” and “Duppy Conqueror” with producer Lee “Scratch” Perry. It was during this era that they decided to accept the Rastafarian faith, and it became the core of their music.
The collaboration had given birth to reggae music and later, bassist Aston "Family Man" Barrett and his brother, drummer Carlton Barrett would join the group in 1970. The band signed a recording contract with Chris Blackwell and Island Records company and released their debut album, “Catch aFire”, in 1973, following it with “Burnin” the same year. The Wailers had moved from many producers after 1970 and there were instances where producers would record rehearsal sessions that Tosh did and release them in England under the name "Peter Touch".
In 1…

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Blogging is rapidly becoming popular and there’s no stopping its popularity. The battle for the highest ranked blog or the most frequently visited blog is now at its peak. It is also no surprise that blogs now are becoming popular because of its use as a vehicle for earning extra bucks. Bloggers pride themselves and blogs are usually about self-expression, and having people read about your life can be uplifting, not to mention inspiring. Blogs can be difficult to maintain, and blog writers need to be creative in order to keep their blogs alive. Blogs don’t promote themselves, and the best bloggers are those who are able to spread the word about their blog and get a lot of attention in the process.




What do you need to increase your blog’s traffic?  You need to maximize your networking skills. First you need to have a constant appearance online. Advertise your blog online. You can visit other blogs as well, in that manner bloggers will see your blog entries as well. It’s more like a give and take relationship. Forums are a great way to not only meet people, but get the word out on any kind of news. Some blog owners choose to place their blog URL’s in their signatures, or they place them in their posts, luring people to read more at their blogs. You can also participate in blog forums and recommend your blog to those people who are seeking information which your blog provides. 
What are the best forums to go to and post about a blog?
There is no golden rule for which forums are the best for promoting a blog, since there are thousands of blogs out there that have thousands of different topics, writing styles, and target audiences. The choice of a forum on which to post is entirely up to the blog owner, but there are a few rules that you as a blogger may want to follow as you look for a forum to promote your blog in. If you are interested in using forum posting to get the word out on your blog, take note of the following pieces of advice. Post in a forum that is directly related to your blog. You want to have your target audience right in front of you, and you should not make a shot in the dark and post your blog in every forum from A to Z.
Keep a balance between densely populated forums and smaller communities. You want to be able to reach out to a bigger audience in a large forum, but since a lot of people come and go, and a lot of posts get releg…

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Are Online Relationships Cheating - Yes Or No

If your significant other seems to be spending a significant amount of time online, you may wonder what is going on and are online relationships cheating?  For the most part that depends on you and your relationship.  If you and your partner are OK with the other  having a lot of online friends, regardless of gender, then it's not cheating to the two of you.

If, on the other hand, one or both of you considers a deep connection with another person either online or off to be cheating than yes it is.  You and your partner define your own relationship.

The internet, and all the social sites that are constantly popping up, have made it a lot easier to find other people to connect with.  That can be a great thing. It's fun to reconnect with old friends you haven't seen or heard from in years. The problems can come when your partner seems to enjoy their online friendships more than they like spending time with you. 
Photo courtesy of Ambro

While it may not be technically cheating, it can definitely put a serious strain on your relationship.  If your partner is forming an emotional attachment with someone else online, that doesn't leave a lo t of room for the two of you.  Your relationship can start to get pretty crowded if that starts to happen.

If you believe that your partner is spending too much time online the best course of action, in most cases, is to talk to them about it.  The operative word here is 'talk'.  Not scream, nag, or accuse.  Just explain to them that you miss them and you don't feel like the two of you are connecting the way you used to.

Suggest some time when the two of you can get together one on one.  If you present this request to your partner in a calm, loving way you can tell a lot about what they're really thinking based on their response.  For example, if you aren't accusing your partner of doing anything wrong yet they still get defensive it could very likely mean they have a guilty conscience, maybe they really are doing something they know they shouldn't be.

If they get angry that you've asked them to cut back on the amount of time they spend online than it's highly likely that your partner has 'met' someone new.  Most people would consider this a form of cheating even if the two people haven't met in person.  No one wants their partner to be thinking about someone else too often.  I…

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